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New Supercomputer Maps the Universe in 3D

Updated: Jun 30, 2023



In today's world, the amount of data generated on a daily basis has increased tremendously. To store and process this data, large data centers and supercomputers have become a necessity. These supercomputers are highly efficient in various calculations as well as artificial intelligence operations. Recently, a new supercomputer called Perlmutter was introduced by NVIDIA at the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) in California.


Perlmutter is described as the world's most powerful artificial intelligence supercomputer, with the ability to offer artificial intelligence performance of about four exaflops for more than 7,000 researchers. The supercomputer is named after astrophysicist Saul Perlmutter, who was awarded the Nobel Prize in 2011 for his discovery of dark energy. The first project that the computer will make a reality is to create a 3D map of the universe that has been discovered so far.


The supercomputer consists of 6,159 Nvidia A100 Tensor Core GPUs and will create the largest 3D map of the universe ever. It will process data from the Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument (DESI), which can capture up to 5,000 galaxies in a single exposure, to create the 3D map. The process of preparing a year's worth of data for publication, which would have taken weeks or months in previous systems, can be accomplished in as little as a few days with Perlmutter.


Perlmutter's ability to combine artificial intelligence and high-performance computing will lead to breakthroughs in various fields such as materials science, quantum physics, climate modeling, biological research, and much more. It will enable researchers to make new discoveries and improve scientific studies in many fields.

Supercomputers like Perlmutter are crucial for research laboratories as well as large companies. They have incredible hardware compared to the computers we use on a daily basis, making them highly efficient in tasks that require vast amounts of data processing. Therefore, they provide services in many fields such as space, health, and science in general, instead of just the tasks that regular computers perform.


In conclusion, the introduction of the Perlmutter supercomputer by NVIDIA is a significant step towards improving scientific studies and making new discoveries. It will not only create the largest 3D map of the universe but will also enable researchers to make breakthroughs in various fields. With the increasing amount of data generated every day, supercomputers like Perlmutter have become a necessity for the storage and processing of this data.

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